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The Gut-Brain Connection

The gut-brain connection is no joke; it can link anxiety to stomach problems and vice versa. Have you ever had a "gut-wrenching" experience? Do certain situations make you "feel nauseous"? Have you ever felt "butterflies" in your stomach? We use these expressions for a reason. The gastrointestinal tract is sensitive to emotion. Anger, anxiety, sadness, elation — all of these feelings (and others) can trigger symptoms in the gut.




The brain has a direct effect on the stomach and intestines. For example, the very thought of eating can release the stomach's juices before food gets there. This connection goes both ways. A troubled intestine can send signals to the brain, just as a troubled brain can send signals to the gut. Therefore, a person's stomach or intestinal distress can be the cause or the product of anxiety, stress, or depression. That's because the brain and the gastrointestinal (GI) system are intimately connected.

This is especially true in cases where a person experiences gastrointestinal upset with no obvious physical cause. For such functional GI disorders, it is difficult to try to heal a distressed gut without considering the role of stress and emotion.


Gut health and anxiety


Given how closely the gut and brain interact, it becomes easier to understand why you might feel nauseated before giving a presentation, or feel intestinal pain during times of stress. That doesn't mean, however, that functional gastrointestinal conditions are imagined or "all in your head." Psychology combines with physical factors to cause pain and other bowel symptoms. Psychosocial factors influence the actual physiology of the gut, as well as symptoms. In other words, stress (or depression or other psychological factors) can affect movement and contractions of the GI tract, make inflammation worse, or perhaps make you more susceptible to infection.





In addition, research suggests that some people with functional GI disorders perceive pain more acutely than other people do because their brains are more responsive to pain signals from the GI tract. Stress can make the existing pain seem even worse.

Based on these observations, you might expect that at least some patients with functional GI conditions might improve with therapy to reduce stress or treat anxiety or depression. And sure enough, a review of 13 studies showed that patients who tried psychologically based approaches had greater improvement in their digestive symptoms compared with patients who received only conventional medical treatment.


Gut-brain connection, anxiety and digestion  


Are your stomach or intestinal problems — such as heartburn, abdominal cramps, or loose stools — related to stress? Watch for these other common symptoms of stress and discuss them with us. Together we can come up with strategies to help you deal with the stressors in your life, and also ease your digestive discomforts. Book your 5* Preventive Screening via the link below.

Physical symptoms

Stiff or tense muscles, especially in the neck and shoulders

Headaches

Sleep problems

Shakiness or tremors

Recent loss of interest in sex

Weight loss or gain

Restlessness

Behavioral symptoms

Procrastination

Grinding teeth

Difficulty completing work assignments

Changes in the amount of alcohol or food you consume

Taking up smoking, or smoking more than usual

Increased desire to be with or withdraw from others

Rumination (frequent talking or brooding about stressful situations)

Emotional symptoms

Crying

Overwhelming sense of tension or pressure

Trouble relaxing

Nervousness

Quick temper

Depression

Poor concentration

Trouble remembering things

Loss of sense of humor

Indecisiveness


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